Chile's 8.8 earthquake

Saturday, February 27, 2010


One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded tore apart houses, bridges and highways in central Chile on Saturday and sent a tsunami racing halfway around the world. Chileans near the epicenter were tossed about as if shaken by a giant, and authorities said at least 214 people were dead.

The magnitude-8.8 quake was felt as far away as Sao Paulo in Brazil — 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) to the east. The full extent of damage remained unclear as dozens of aftershocks — one nearly as powerful as Haiti's devastating Jan. 12 earthquake — shuddered across the disaster-prone Andean nation.

At least 214 people were killed, according to Interior Minister Edmundo Perez Yoma, and officials said about 1.5 million homes sustained at least some damage.

President Michelle Bachelet declared a "state of catastrophe" in central Chile but said the government had not asked for assistance from other countries. If it does, President Obama said, the United States "will be there." Around the world, leaders echoed his sentiment.


Here is a list of earthquakes that registered at least magnitude 8.6.

May 22, 1960: A magnitude 9.5 earthquake in southern Chile and ensuing tsunami killed at least 1,716 people.

March 27, 1964: A magnitude 9.2 quake in Prince William Sound, Alaska, and ensuing tsunami killed 128 people.

Dec. 26, 2004: A magnitude 9.1 quake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra triggered a tsunami that killed 226,000 people in 12 countries, including 165,700 in Indonesia and 35,400 in Sri Lanka.

Aug. 13, 1868: A magnitude 9.0 quake in Arica, Peru (now Chile) generated catastrophic tsunamis; more than 25,000 people were killed in South America.

Jan. 26, 1700: A magnitude 9.0 quake shakes Northern California, Oregon, Washington and British Colombia and triggers tsunami that damages villages in Japan.

Nov. 4, 1952: A magnitude 9.0 quake in Kamchatka causes damage but no reported deaths, despite setting off 30-foot waves in Hawaii.

Jan. 31, 1906: A magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia generated a tsunami that killed at least 500 people.

Feb. 27, 2010: A magnitude 8.8 quake off the coast of Chile killed a still-undetermined number of people and sends a tsunami across the Pacific.

Nov. 1, 1755: A magnitude 8.7 quake and ensuing tsunami in Lisbon, Portugal killed an estimated 60,000 people and destroyed much of Lisbon.

July 8, 1730: A magnitude 8.7 quake in Valparasio, Chile, killed at least 3,000 people.

Aug. 15, 1950: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake in Assam, Tibet, killed at least 780 people.

Sources: U.S. Geological Survey, Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology and WHO's International Disaster Database

Abdulrahman Bello Dambazau's Profile

Friday, February 26, 2010

Lieutenant General Abdulrahman Bello Dambazau was born in 1954 to the family of Alhaji Bala Dambazau and Hajiya Hajara Bala Dambazau. After his primary school education in Zaria, he gained admission into the prestigious Barewa College in the same town in 1970.  On graduation in June 1974, he went to the Nigerian Defence Academy Kaduna as a member of the 17 Regular Combatant Course.  He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant into the Infantry Corps of the Nigerian Army in June 1977.

During the course of his military career, he has held numerous command, instructional and staff appointments. Until his appointment as the 17th Chief of Army Staff of the Nigerian Army, an army with over 100 years of history, he was the General Officer Commanding 2 Division Nigerian Army.

As part of his numerous contribution on training, General Dambazau served as the Registrar/Instructor, Nigerian Defence Academy from 1993 - 1999 and later Chief Instructor, at the Support Weapon Wing of the Infantry Centre and School from 1999 - 2001 before becoming  a Directing Staff at the then National War College from 2004 - 2006.  Subsequently, he became the Director, Higher Military Organization and Operations at the same Institution in 2006.  This earned him the highly revered appellation of the Fellow of the War College Dagger (FWCD).

Lieutenant General AB Dambazau has also held several Staff appointments before his appointment as the 17th Chief of Army Staff.  He was a Staff Officer at the Headquarters of the Nigerian Army Corps of Military Police (NACMP) in 1979 before he became an Aide-de-Camp to the then Chief of Army Staff.  He was also a Special Investigator at the Special Investigation Bureau of the NACMP from 1984 - 1985.  Subsequently, he was appointed Military Assistant to the Director Army Training and Operations at the Army Headquarters.  Lieutenant General Dambazau also served as the Principal General Staff Officer to the Honourable Minister of Defence (PGSO-HMOD) in 2006.  In January 2007, he was appointed the Chief of Army Standard and Evaluation (CASE).

Since his commission as an officer, General Dambazau, in addition to the Young Officers' and Surveillance Platoon Commanders' Courses has attended at the then Nigerian Army School of Infantry (NASI) in 1978, he has over the years attended both civil and military courses within and outside Nigeria that earned him several academic qualifications and awards. These includes the United States Military Police School, Fort MacLelan where he earned a Diploma in Military Police Basic Training, Kent State University, Ohio, from 1980 - 1984, for a Bachelors' Degree in Criminal Justice and Masters Degree in International Relations.  He also attended the University of Keele, United Kingdom where he was awarded a Doctorate Degree in Criminology.  He also attended Ghana Armed Forces Command and Staff College for his Senior Division course from 1991 - 1992. The Chief of Army Staff was also at the Infantry Centre and School, Jaji for the Commanding Officers' Course before proceeding to India's National Defence College, New Delhi in 2003 for his Higher Strategic Military Course.

General Dambazau has an excellent flair for writing cutting across diverse aspect of human endeavours.  In addition to his doctorate thesis, he authored five books as follows:

a.             Military Law Terminologies, Spectrum Books Limited, 1990.
b.             Law and Criminality in Nigeria, University Press, 1994.
c.             Issues in Crime Prevention and Control in Nigeria, Baraka Press, 1996.
d.             Criminology and Criminal Justice, Nigerian Defence Academy Press, 1999.
e.             Criminology and Criminal Justice, Second Edition, Spectrum Books, 2007.

He has also written over eleven published papers on the United Nations, the Media, Human and Drug Trafficking, as well as on Democracy and the Rule of Law among other topics.  A highly versatile senior officer, he is a member of seven national and international professional bodies. A highly decorated senior officer, General Dambazau possesses many military honors and awards, qualifications and commendations.

Olusegun Adeniyi, President Yar'Adua's spokesman's, Press Release

Wednesday, February 24, 2010

ABUJA, Feb 24 (Reuters) - Nigeria's Acting President Goodluck Jonathan will continue to run state affairs while President Umaru Yar'Adua recovers after three months of medical treatment in Saudi Arabia, the presidency said on Wednesday.

"President Yar'Adua wishes to re-assure all Nigerians that on account of their unceasing prayers and by the special grace of God, his health has greatly improved," Yar'Adua's spokesman Olusegun Adeniyi said in a statement.

"However, while the President completes his recuperation, Vice President Jonathan will continue to oversee the affairs of state," the statement said

Statement by US State Department on President Yaradua's Returns


The United States welcomes the news of President Yar’Adua’s return to Nigeria. We hope that his health is sufficient to enable him to fully resume his official duties.  Nigeria needs a strong, healthy, and effective leader to ensure the stability of the country and to manage Nigeria’s many political, economic, and security challenges.  Recent reports, however, continue to suggest that President Yar’Adua’s health remains fragile and that he may still be unable to fulfill the demands of his office.

We hope that President Yar’Adua’s return to Nigeria is not an effort by his senior advisors to upset Nigeria’s stability and create renewed uncertainty in the democratic process. Nigeria is an extraordinarily important country to its friends and partners, and all of those in positions of responsibility should put the health of the President and the best interests of the country and people of Nigeria above personal ambition or gain.  As a nation of 150 million people, Nigeria’s democracy and its continued adherence to constitutional rule should be the highest priority.

Yar’Adua Returns to Nigeria Secretly

President Umaru Yar’Adua arrived Abuja early this morning after three months in Saudi Arabia, where he has been undergoing treatment for a heart condition.

According to a Reuters report , the President left Jeddah International Airport “at 10:22 pm (1922 GMT) alone in a plane and another plane carried Nigerian government envoys.”

The air ambulance carrying the president landed at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja at exactly 1.47am. There was huge  presence of journalists at the airport  and some  vehicles at the airport that had dignitaries who were there to receive the President drove to the aircraft.
Among the vehicles was a new Ford E-250 intensive care ambulance, which is believed to have conveyed him to the Presidential Villa. The second aircraft, a presidential jet, landed at 1.56am and taxied to the same spot as the first one.

The Minister of the Federal Capital Territory, Senator Adamu Aliero, and other top government functioneries were at the airport to receive him. There was a sort of secrecy to his return and condition of health, fuelling fears that he may not be in sound health to resume immediately.

Before his arrival, about 200 soldiers and armed policemen had been deployed in the airport’s presidential wing. The  soldiers were deployed in some streets in the FCT before the aircraft landed.
Aviation workers on shift duty at the presidential lounge were asked to leave the area.
A military truck was sighted around 11.30pm dropping soldiers at various spots, including Bolingo Hotel junction along Olusegun Obasanjo Way in Area 10.

Attempts by journalists to get to the presidential lounge were rebuffed by the soldiers. They ordered the newsmen to leave the area.

The lights went off around 1.14am, as authorities of the airport switched from public power supply to generator. This was to avoid any embarrassment from an unexpected power outage.
Soldiers cordoned off the route from the airport to the city as the presidential convoy made its way into the FCT. Those who drove through the route before the President arrived were forced to vacate the route hurriedly.

George Bush tells Jonathan, "You have world support"

Sunday, February 21, 2010

By Elizabeth Archibong

Nigeria’s Acting President, Goodluck Jonathan, yesterday evening in Abuja secured the support of the former President of the United States, George Bush who assured him of the world’s support in making his job a success. Mr. Bush and his entourage were in Nigeria for the ThisDay Nigeria at 50 awards.

Mr Bush who visited Mr Jonathan at his Aguda House official residence in the presidential villa, congratulated his host, noting that though the circumstances that brought Mr Jonathan to office were unexpected, there is every chance that the Acting president will succeed. “Sometimes in life, the unexpected happens,” he said.

The visit followed Saturday’s visit to Mr Jonathan by former prime minister of the United Kingdom, Tony Blair who had praised Mr. Jonathan for ‘wisely steering the ship of state amidst turbulence.’ At a closed door meeting later, Mr Blair had also promised the Acting President of UK support in resolving the Niger Delta crisis and the Power problems in the country.

In his message, Mr Bush said, “We wish you all the best, even though we know it is not an easy job. With God’s grace and the support of your team, you will succeed.”

The Acting President assured his guests about the commitment of the Federal Government to conduct a free and fair election in Nigeria in 2011. He said his government will work towards ensuring that the electoral process is transparent and reflects the wishes of the Nigerian people.

“I can assure you that come 2011, Nigeria’s elections will be credible. We will do everything possible to overhaul the electoral process and leave a lasting legacy in our political history,” he said.

We are not terrorists

Mr Jonathan also used the occasion to call on the American government to consider de-listing Nigeria from countries of interest in the global war against terrorism.

Incidentally, Mr Bush launched the global war on terror during his time as president of the United States of America.

“Terrorism is alien to Nigeria,” Mr Jonathan said. “Nigeria and US are strategic partners for global peace and development.” He also thanked the US government for its concern over the health of President Umaru Yar’Adua who is currently undergoing treatment in a Saudi hospital.

Mr Bush was accompanied on the trip by former US Secretary of State, Condoleezza Rice and US Ambassador to Nigeria, Robin Sanders. On the Nigerian side were the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ojo Maduekwe and his solid minerals counterpart, Diezeani Allison Maduekwe.

Southern opposition

The presidency at the weekend, went on the offensive by accusing a former south-south governor as the arrowhead of those opposed to Mr Jonathan’s ascension to the office of Acting President.

The Senior Special Assistant on Media to the Acting President, Ima Niboro said the former governor, whom he did not name, was unhappy with the transfer of power to Mr Jonathan and has therefore joined other anti-Jonathan forces to rubbish the image of the Acting President.

“The Presidency is aware that they have set aside a huge war chest in billions of naira to bring the Jonathan Acting Presidency to disrepute by any means possible,” he said, adding that those behind the planned attack had stored up sensitive documents collated from financial transactions of the Acting President from his days as the governor of Bayelsa State till date, and would be releasing the documents to the media on weekly basis.

Universities in Ohio

1  The Ohio State University
2  Bowling Green State University
3  University of Cincinnati
4  Case Western Reserve University
5  Kent State University
6  Ohio University
7  University of Akron
8  Miami University
9  Wright State University
10  University of Toledo
11  Cleveland State University
12  University of Dayton
13  Oberlin College
14  Youngstown State University
15  Xavier University
16  The College of Wooster
17  Ashland University
18  Cleveland Institute of Art
19  Kenyon College
20  Bluffton University
21  Cedarville University
22  Mount Union College
23  Denison University
24  Franklin University
25  John Carroll University
26  Baldwin-Wallace College
27  Capital University
28  Marietta College
29  Hiram College
30  The University of Findlay
31  Ohio Northern University
32  Muskingum College
33  Northeastern Ohio Universities Colleges of Medicine and Pharmacy
34  College of Mount St. Joseph
35  Tiffin University
36  Wittenberg University
37  Lake Erie College
38  Antioch University
39  Ohio Wesleyan University
40  Franciscan University of Steubenville
41  Otterbein College
  Shawnee State University
Malone University
Columbus College of Art and Design
45  Ohio Dominican University
46  Central State University
47  Walsh University
48  Mount Carmel College of Nursing
49  Heidelberg University
50  Ursuline College
51  Notre Dame College
52  Lourdes College
53  Union Institute & University
54  Air Force Institute of Technology
55  Defiance College
56  Cleveland Institute of Music
57  Wilberforce University
58  Art Academy of Cincinnati
59  The Ohio State University at Mansfield
60  The Ohio State University at Lima
61  Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine
62  Ohio University Lancaster
63  Ohio University-Chillicothe
64  Miami University Hamilton
65  Miami University Middletown
66  Mount Vernon Nazarene University
67  Antioch University McGregor
68  Urbana University
69  Kettering College of Medical Arts
70  Ohio University Zanesville
71  The Ohio State University at Newark
72  Ohio University Eastern Campus
73  Ohio University Southern
74  Rosedale Bible College
75  God's Bible School and College
76  Tri-State Bible College
77  DeVry University-Columbus
78  The Ohio State University at Marion

Universities in Pennsylvania

1 University of Pennsylvania                                                
2 Penn State University                                                      
3 Carnegie Mellon University                                                
4 University of Pittsburgh                                                       
5 Drexel University                                                               
6 Temple University                                                               
7 Bryn Mawr College                                                          
8 Swarthmore College                                                           
9 Indiana University of Pennsylvania                                      
10 Bucknell University                                                         
11 Dickinson College                                                             
12 Haverford College                                                          
13  Saint Joseph's University                                                  
14  Elizabethtown College                                                    
15  Penn State College of Medicine                                      
16  University of the Sciences in Philadelphia              
17  Drexel University College of Medicine                              
18  Penn State University's Dickinson School of Law        
19  Lehigh University                                                             
20  Villanova University                                                         
21  California University of Pennsylvania                                
22  Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania                            
23  Lebanon Valley College                                                   
24  Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania                          
25  Seton Hill University                                                       
26  West Chester University of Pennsylvania                          
27  Kutztown University of Pennsylvania                                 
28  Lock Haven University of Pennsylvania                            
29  Messiah College                                                               
30  Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania                        
31  La Salle University                                                            
32 Franklin & Marshall College                                                
33  Duquesne University                                                      
34  Susquehanna University                                                  
35  Millersville University of Pennsylvania                              
36  Lafayette College                                                           
37  Gettysburg College                                                         
38  Allegheny College                                                          
39  Thomas Jefferson University                                          
40  Philadelphia University                                                    
41  Moravian College                                                           
42  Widener University                                                        
43  Juniata College                                                               
44  University of Scranton                                                     
45  Clarion University of Pennsylvania                                       
46  Mansfield University of Pennsylvania                                     
47  Pennsylvania College of Technology                                       
48  Muhlenberg College                                                             
49  East Stroudsburg University                                                    
50  Mercyhurst College                                                                 
51  Wilkes University    Wilkes                                                     
52  Arcadia University                                                               
53  Eastern University                                                                   
54  Edinboro University of Pennsylvania                                         
55  York College of Pennsylvania                                                  
56  King's College                                                                         
57  Grove City college                                                                 
58  Lincoln University                                                                     
59  Saint Vincent College                                                              
60  Ursinus College                                                                       
61  DeSales University                                                                  
62  Gannon University                                                               
63  Point Park University                                                            
64  Robert Morris University                                                        
65  College Misericordia                                                              
66  Chatham University                                                                   
67  Immaculata University                                                              
68  Neumann University                                                                 
69  Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine                           
70  The University of the Arts                                                       
71  Washington & Jefferson College                                              
72  Geneva College                                                                        
73  Lycoming College                                                                    
74  Albright College                                                                        
75  Westminster College                                                                
76  Marywood University                                                              
77  Cabrini College                                                                       
78  Alvernia University                                                              
79  Philadelphia Biblical University                                                 
80  Wilson College                                                                     
81  Cedar Crest College                                                            
82  Saint Francis University                                                          
83  Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine                            
84  Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts                                   
85  Cheyney University of Pennsylvania                                        
86  Mount Aloysius College                                                     
87  Keystone College                                                                  
88  Delaware Valley College                                                        
89  Chestnut Hill College                                                              
90  The American College                                                           
91  Waynesburg University                                                           
92  University of Pittsburgh                                                         
93  Thiel College                                                                          
94  Salus University                                                                     
95  Gwynedd-Mercy College                                                      
96  Peirce College                                                                       
97  The Curtis Institute of Music                                                
98  Carlow University                                                               
99  La Roche College                                                               
100  Rosemont College                                                                 
101  Penn State Erie, The Behrend College                                
102  Central Pennsylvania College                                                  
103  Moore College of Art & Design                                             
104  Pennsylvania College of Art and Design                                 
105  Bryn Athyn College                                                               
106  Penn State Harrisburg                                                           
107  Penn State Abington                                                        
108  Penn State                                                                                                                                
109  Penn State Berks                                                                
110  Penn State Schuylkill                                                            
111  Penn State Lehigh Valley                                                      
112  University of Pittsburgh at Bradford                                      
113  University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg                                   
114  The Art Institute of Philadelphia                                             
115  Baptist Bible College and Seminary                                         
116  Holy Family University                                                            
117  Lancaster Bible College & Graduate School                                
118  Valley Forge Christian College                                                   
119  Gratz College                                                         
120  Pennsylvania Institute of Technology                       
121  WON Institute of Graduate Studies                     
122  Penn State Brandywine                                                               
123  Penn State Great Valley School of Graduate Professional Studies  
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